Karl Kraus Zusammenfassung
Karl Kraus war einer der bedeutendsten österreichischen Schriftsteller des beginnenden Jahrhunderts. Karl Kraus (* April in Gitschin (Jičín), Böhmen, Österreich-Ungarn; † Juni in Wien, Österreich) war einer der bedeutendsten österreichischen. Karl Kraus kam mit seiner Familie – seinem Vater Jacob Kraus, Papier- und Ultramarinfabrikant (–), seiner Mutter Ernestine Kraus (geborene Kantor. Zitate mit QuellenangabeBearbeiten. AphorismenBearbeiten. "Als zum erstenmal das Wort»Friede«ausgesprochen wurde, entstand auf der Börse eine Panik. Vieles von dem, was Kraus schrieb, trifft unsere Zeit noch genauer als seine eigene.“ (Jonathan Franzen) Jens Malte Fischer holt Karl Kraus mit einer.
Karl Kraus (* April in Gitschin (Jičín), Böhmen, Österreich-Ungarn; † Juni in Wien, Österreich) war einer der bedeutendsten österreichischen. Einer, der sein Leben an die praktische Aufklärung dieses Verhältnisses gesetzt hat, ist Karl Kraus. Eine neue Biografie hilft hier weiter. Zitate mit QuellenangabeBearbeiten. AphorismenBearbeiten. "Als zum erstenmal das Wort»Friede«ausgesprochen wurde, entstand auf der Börse eine Panik. Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Herausgegeben von Friedrich Pfäfflin, Eva Dambacher Spiele Kosten Los. Er tat das auf eine Art, die man so damals noch nicht kannte. Karl Kraus und Ludwig von Ficker. Ein ähnliches Verhalten wird Kraus bei Alfred Kerr feststellen und diesen damit zu seinem Feind erklären. Schimpft alle in der Gardrobe, ihr wart mir doch wehrlos im Saal! Bei Karl Kraus klingt das ähnlich. Also dulde Beste Spielothek in Klein Offenseth finden nicht, dass in den Worten etwas in Unordnung sei. Biografie Erscheinungsdatum: Eine dauerhafte Freundschaft Em Modus sich zwischen Franz Werfel und dem sechzehn Karl Kraus älteren Karl Kraus nach der ersten Kontaktaufnahme wohl entwickeln…. Vier Em Kommentatorin seien hier exemplarisch umrissen. Die ganze Welt ist ein Orchester.
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Refresh and try again. Harry Zohn Translation. Jonathan McVity Translator. Harry Zohn Editor ,. Joseph Fabry Translation. Paola Sorge translator.
Paola Sorge Editor. Frederick Ungar Editor, Introduction. Quotes by Karl Kraus. Topics Mentioning This Author. Welcome back. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account.
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Want to Read saving… Error rating book. Many lawsuits by various offended parties followed in later years. Also in , Kraus found out that his publisher, Moriz Frisch, had taken over his magazine while he was absent on a months-long journey.
Frisch had registered the magazine's front cover as a trademark and published the Neue Fackel New Torch. Kraus sued and won. While Die Fackel at first resembled journals like Die Weltbühne , it increasingly became a magazine that was privileged in its editorial independence , thanks to Kraus's financial independence.
Die Fackel printed what Kraus wanted to be printed. After , however, Kraus was usually the sole author. Kraus's work was published nearly exclusively in Die Fackel , of which irregularly issued numbers appeared in total.
Die Fackel targeted corruption, journalists and brutish behaviour. In , Kraus published Sittlichkeit und Kriminalität Morality and Criminal Justice , for the first time commenting on what was to become one of his main preoccupations: he attacked the general opinion of the time that it was necessary to defend sexual morality by means of criminal justice Der Skandal fängt an, wenn die Polizei ihm ein Ende macht , The Scandal Starts When the Police Ends It.
In addition to his writings, Kraus gave numerous highly influential public readings during his career, put on approximately one-man performances between and in which he read from the dramas of Bertolt Brecht , Gerhart Hauptmann , Johann Nestroy , Goethe , and Shakespeare , and also performed Offenbach 's operettas, accompanied by piano and singing all the roles himself.
Elias Canetti , who regularly attended Kraus's lectures, titled the second volume of his autobiography "Die Fackel" im Ohr "The Torch" in the Ear in reference to the magazine and its author.
At the peak of his popularity, Kraus's lectures attracted four thousand people, and his magazine sold forty thousand copies.
In , Kraus supported Frank Wedekind to make possible the staging in Vienna of his controversial play Pandora's Box ;  the play told the story of a sexually enticing young dancer who rises in German society through her relationships with wealthy men but later falls into poverty and prostitution.
Wedekind's works are considered among the precursors of expressionism, but in , when expressionist poets like Richard Dehmel began producing war propaganda, Kraus became a fierce critic of them.
In , Kraus attacked his erstwhile benefactor Maximilian Harden because of his role in the Eulenburg trial in the first of his spectacular Erledigungen Dispatches.
One of Kraus's most influential satirical-literary techniques was his clever wordplay with quotations.
One controversy arose with the text Die Orgie , which exposed how the newspaper Neue Freie Presse was blatantly supporting Austria's Liberal Party 's election campaign; the text was conceived as a guerrilla prank and sent as a fake letter to the newspaper Die Fackel would publish it later in ; the enraged editor, who fell for the trick, responded by suing Kraus for "disturbing the serious business of politicians and editors".
After an obituary for Franz Ferdinand , who had been assassinated in Sarajevo on 28 June , Die Fackel was not published for many months. Kraus's masterpiece is generally considered to be the massive satirical play about the First World War , Die letzten Tage der Menschheit The Last Days of Mankind , which combines dialogue from contemporary documents with apocalyptic fantasy and commentary by two characters called "the Grumbler" and "the Optimist".
Kraus began to write the play in and first published it as a series of special Fackel issues in Its epilogue, "Die letzte Nacht" "The last night" had already been published in as a special issue.
Edward Timms has called the work a "faulted masterpiece" and a "fissured text" because the evolution of Kraus's attitude during the time of its composition from aristocratic conservative to democratic republican gave the text structural inconsistencies resembling a geological fault.
Also in , Kraus published his collected war texts under the title Weltgericht World Court of Justice. A peak in Kraus's political commitment was his sensational attack in on the powerful Vienna police chief Johann Schober , also a former two-term chancellor, after 89 rioters were shot dead by the police during the July Revolt.
Kraus produced a poster that in a single sentence requested Schober's resignation; the poster was published all over Vienna and is considered an icon of 20th-century Austrian history.
In , the play Die Unüberwindlichen The Insurmountables was published. During that same year, Kraus also published the records of a lawsuit Kerr had filed against him after Kraus had published Kerr's war poems in Die Fackel Kerr, having become a pacifist, did not want his earlier enthusiasm for the war exposed.
In , Kraus translated Shakespeare's sonnets. Kraus withheld full publication in part to protect his friends and followers hostile to Hitler who still lived in the Third Reich from Nazi reprisals, and in part because "violence is no subject for polemic.
Lengthy extracts appear in Kraus's apologia for his silence at Hitler's coming to power, " Warum die Fackel nicht erscheint " "Why Die Fackel is not published" , a page edition of the periodical.
The last issue of Die Fackel appeared in February Shortly after, he fell in a collision with a bicyclist and suffered intense headaches and loss of memory.
He died in his apartment in Vienna on June 12, , and was buried in the Zentralfriedhof cemetery in Vienna. In Kraus was baptized as a Catholic , but in , disillusioned by the Church's support for the war, he left the Catholic Church, claiming sarcastically that he was motivated "primarily by antisemitism", i.
Karl Kraus was a subject of controversy throughout his lifetime. Marcel Reich-Ranicki called him 'vain, self-righteous and self-important'.
Kraus considered posterity his ultimate audience, and reprinted Die Fackel in volume form years after it was first published.
A concern with language was central to Kraus's outlook, and he viewed his contemporaries' careless use of language as symptomatic of their insouciant treatment of the world.
Viennese composer Ernst Krenek described meeting the writer in "At a time when people were generally decrying the Japanese bombardment of Shanghai , I met Karl Kraus struggling over one of his famous comma problems.
He said something like: 'I know that everything is futile when the house is burning.